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These 430 years of "sojourning" in Egypt (Exodus 12:40) seems to conflict with the statement by God to Abraham that his seed would be a stranger in a land that would "afflict them four hundred years" (Genesis 15:13) and the similar statement by Stephen (Acts 7:6). These amounts are not just round numbers. Note the stress on "the selfsame day." Varied interpretations have been offered for the discrepancy of the thirty years but the most appropriate seems the inference that the first thirty years in Egypt (seventeen years before Jacob died, thirteen years after his death) were years of favor under Pharaoh, but when the new king arose "which knew not Joseph" (Exodus 1:8), then the Israelites were soon resented and persecuted, and eventually enslaved, remaining in disfavor for exactly 400 years.
KJV Defenders Study Bible, by Dr. Henry Morris, Ph.D.
Publisher: Thomas Nelson
DEF 10 ISBN 0-529-10444-x
DEF 10-1 ISBN 0-529-10445-8