Questions and Answers 7-11,42
Q. 7. Whence then proceeds this depravity of human nature?
A. From the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, in Paradise; hence our nature is become so corrupt, that we are all conceived and born in sin.
Q. 8. Are we then so corrupt that we are wholly incapable of doing any good, and inclined to all wickedness?
A. Indeed we are; except we are regenerated by the Spirit of God.
Q. 9. Doth not God then do injustice to man, by requiring from him in His law, that which he cannot perform?
A. Not at all; for God made man capable of performing it; but man, by the instigation of the devil, and his own wilful disobedience, deprived himself and all his posterity of those divine gifts.
Q. 10. Will God suffer such disobedience and rebellion to go unpunished?
A. By no means; but is terribly displeased with our original as well as actual sins; and will punish them in His just judgment temporally and eternally, as He hath declared, "Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things, which are written in the book of the law, to do them."
Q. 11. Is not God then also merciful?
A. God is indeed merciful, but also just; therefore His justice requires that sin which is committed against the most high majesty of God, be also punished with extreme, that is, with everlasting punishment of body and soul.
Q. 42. Since then Christ died for us, why must we also die?
A. Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins, but only an abolishing of sin, and a passage into eternal life.
Canons of Dordt
Second Head Of Doctrine
Of The Death Of Christ, And The Redemption Of Men Thereby
Article 1. God is not only supremely merciful, but only with temporal, but with eternal punishment, both also supremely just. And His justice requires (as He hath in body and soul; which we cannot escape, unless revealed Himself in His Word), that our sins committed satisfaction be made to the justice of God. against His infinite majesty should be punished, not only with temporal, but with eternal punishment, both in body and soul; which we cannot escape, unless satisfaction be made to the justice of God.