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Page 313

Catechism Memorization

Questions from Rev. A. Hellenbroek's Divine Truths - Chapter X

1. Does man still possess God's image?

No, he lost it by sin.

2. What was the first sin of man?

Eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

3. Where was the tree of the knowledge of good and evil?

In Paradise, in the garden of Eden.

4. What fruit did this tree bear?

We do not know, for the Bible does not tell us.

5. Who ate from the tree first, Adam or Eve?


6. Who deceived her?

The devil, by assuming the form of a serpent (Gen. 3:1-7).

7. What did he convince her to believe?

That if she ate the forbidden fruit she would not die, but be ilke God, knowing good and evil

8. Who enticed Adam to eat?

His wife; she gave the forbidden fruit to him, and he did eat.

9. Where can we read the history of the fall of man?

Genesis 3.

10. What consequences did this sin have on Adam and Eve?

(1) The loss of God's image, (2) Sensibility of nakedness, (3) Horror of conscience, (4) Expulsion Out of Paradise, and (5) Death itself.

11. Does Adam's sin affect us?

Yes, it is imputed to each of us.

12. Why is Adam's sin imputed to us?

Because Adam was the representative of all his posterity as the head of the Covenant of Works. "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned" (Rom. 5:12).

13. What kind of sin do we possess as a result of Adam" fall?

Original sin. "Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me" (Ps. 51:5).

14. Row many kinds of sin are there?

Two kinds: original and actual sin.

15. How does original sin become ours?

By imputation and heredity.

16. Who imputes Adam's Sin to us?


17. What does God impute to us?

The guilt of sin. "For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous" (Rom. 5:19).

18. What do we inherit?

The pollution of sin. "Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? Not one" (Job 14:4).

19. From whom do we inherit original sin?

From our parents.

20. What is included in the guilt of our original sin?

Our being subject to punishment for Adam's sin (Rom. 5:18).

21. What is the pollution of original sin?

Inherent corruption which comprehends the entire man.

22. Do all men have original sin?

Yes, all except Christ. "For that which is born of flesh is flesh" (John 3:5).

23. Why did Christ not have original sin?

Because He was conceived by the Holy Ghost.

24. Do all men have actual sin?

Yes. We all offend in many things (James 3:2).

25. Who are actual sins committed?

In thoughts, words, and actions.

26. Are all men by nature in a state of misery?

Yes, for all men are born in a fallen state.

27. What three things represent the essence of misery?

(1) Our sins,(2) our inability to overcome our sins, and (3) the punishment we deserve for our sins.

28. Are all men by nature incapable of doing spiritual good?

Yes. "The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be" (Rom. 8:7).

29. Does man have a free will or an internal ability to choose to do spiritual good?

No. "And you hath He quickened who were dead in trespasses and sins" (Eph. 2:1).

30. Are then all God's commands, threatenings, and promises in vain?

No, for these are means that God uses to operate upon man as a rational creature to the discharge of his duty.

31. What is the punishment of sin?

Death. "The wages of sin is death" (Rom. 6:23).

32. Row many kinds of death are there?

Three: corporal, spiritual and eternal

33. What is corporal death?

The separation of soul and body.

34. What is spiritual death?

Separation from God's favor and an inability to do, say, or think anything that is not sinfuL

35. What is eternal death?

Suffering eternal punishment for sin in hell

36. Do all sins deserve punishment in hell?

Yes, even the smallest sin. "Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them" (Gal 3:10).

37. Are there then no pardonable sins?

Yes, all sins may be forgiven in Christ, except the sin against the Holy Ghost, but none can be forgiven in themselves (James 2:10).

38. Was the Covenant of Works abolished by sin?

Yes, with respect to its power to justify a man through his works.

39. What conclusion must we draw from the misery of man?

That (excepting Satan) there is not a more miserable creature than natural man after the fall.

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