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was to love and serve his Creator. Through yielding to the temptation of sinful pride, however, Adam and all his posterity broke the Covenant of Works. Sin totally altered man's condition and plunged him from glory into misery. Through his fall, mankind separated himself from God, brought upon himself the just sentence of a three-fold death, and made himself incapable of changing his condition.

God would have been perfectly righteous and just, to have left the entire human race in the sin and misery into which they had brought themselves. God has justly and eternally condemned all the angels that fell into sin. Knowing the painful results of this condemnation and that God cannot lie nor pass by His righteousness, Satan thought that he had won an irreversible victory when Adam fell. That God had planned and now revealed a second covenant of salvation, one of redemption through Christ for fallen sinners, took Satan by surprise.

This new covenant, the Covenant of Grace, revealed the grace and mercy of God in a yet richer manner than the Covenant of Works. It is named the "Covenant of Grace" because it most clearly proclaims God's grace. The sovereign, gracious love of God toward rebellious, undeserving sinners is the only origin, source of merit, and cause of blessing in this covenant. In contrast with the Covenant of Works, in which man had to earn eternal life through his own obedience, the Covenant of Grace freely gives eternal life upon the basis of Christ's perfect obedience. The two covenants pertaining to man's eternal state are named according to how the benefits of the covenant, communion with God and eternal life, were to be received; the first by the works of Adam, the second by grace as a gift from God upon the merits of Christ.

To redeem and save sinners through a new covenant, all God's attributes, including His truth, righteousness, and justice, must be fully satisfied. Therefore, the Covenant of Grace had to perfectly replace the Covenant of Works. A sinless covenant head must replace sinful Adam and the same test of obedience must be passed, the same penalty paid, and the same promise earned.

In the Covenant of Grace, the Lord Jesus Christ was willing from eternity and came in time to perfectly pass the test of obedience as Covenant Head of His children, pay the penalty for their

 

For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.

- John 3:16

For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

- Romans 6:23

But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.

- Romans 5:20b

But God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

- Romans 5:8

But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one Man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

- Romans 5:15

 


  • Redeem - To buy back; to pay the full price for; to purchase


  •  

    The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin.

    - I John 1:7b

    Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

    But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.

    - I Peter 1: 18-19

     

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