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Page 337

As in all covenants, the Covenant of Grace not only includes agreeing parties, God the Father and God the Son (and in Christ, all His church), but it also contains requirements or conditions to be met, and promises or rewards upon its fulfillment.

The promises, or rewards, of the Covenant of Grace center upon Christ and in Him are graciously given to all His church. The saved are included in the promises of the Covenant of Grace through Christ Jesus their Covenant Head. In Christ, God gives Himself and all the promises of salvation - the forgiveness of sin, the right to eternal life, and eternal communion with Him - to His church .

The requirements, or conditions, of the Covenant of Grace also center in Jesus Christ. To meet the requirements of the Covenant, Jesus had to take upon Himself the human nature, perfectly fulfill and obey God's law, and apply His merits to the salvation of His church.

Scripture also speaks of related "requirements" or "conditions" of repentance, faith, and obedience to be met by those that will be saved. When speaking of these "requirements," however, we must emphasize that there is not one requirement that sinners, including regenerated sinners, can fulfill of themselves. All the "requirements" of the saved are actually benefits that Christ earned and freely gives to them. Christ not only merited, but also applies all the benefits of the Covenant of Grace to His people. These benefits include all their "requirements" - also repentance, faith, and obedience.

To deny that all conditions in the Covenant of Grace are earned and given by Christ would make the Covenant of Grace a second Covenant of Works. Man's salvation would then again become dependent upon man and his works of fulfilling the covenant's requirements. As fallen sinners, from where would the elect obtain faith and obedience if these were not freely given to them by Christ as benefits of the covenant?


For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in Him was yea.

For all the promises of God in Him are yea, and in Him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.

Now He which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God.

- II Corinthians 1:19-21



But as many as received Him, to them gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on His name:

Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

- John 1:12-13

Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.

For He hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.

- II Corinthians 5:20-21



Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

- Romans 4:4


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