Necessitate - Require; make necessary
Inclusion - The act of including; placement within
No Reformed church denomination directly teaches Arminius' three-covenant view today. No Reformed church believes that Jesus Christ died for all men in the same manner in the Covenant of Redemption. No Reformed denomination preaches "free will" as the way in which lost sinners can be saved. However, several Reformed church denominations do hold three-covenant, in distinction from two-covenant, views pertaining to man's salvation. A three-covenant view means believing in three distinct convenants pertaining to man's salvation, each with different agreeing parties.
The two principal reasons for their adopting of a three-covenant view are as follows:
Reason 1 - Scriptural references to God's establishing His covenant with His elect; for example: "And I will make My covenant between Me and thee" (Genesis 17:2); "And I will make an everlasting covenant with you" (Isaiah 55:3); or "I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee" (Ezekiel 16:8).
Reason 2 - Scriptural verses which speak of conditions to be met by all those that are included in the covenant; for example: faith - "He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not on the Son shall not see life" (John 3:36); repentance - "Repent ye therefore, and be converted" (Acts 3:19); and obedience "He that doeth the will of God abideth for ever" (I John 2:17).
Others, however, do not believe, that these types of scriptural references necessitate a third, different covenant, for the following reasons:
In Reply to Reason 1 -
1. The personal inclusion of the elect in the Covenant of Grace is identical to the manner of personally including all people in the Covenant of Works under Adam its covenant head. As each person is spoken of as having personally sinned, broken the covenant, and earned death in Adam's transgression; so each of the elect is spoken of as personally entering into a new, gracious covenant relationship with God through Jesus Christ, his second Covenant Head. For example: "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into