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Page 349

Questions Two and Three: Is the Covenant of Grace breakable, unbreakable, or both? Are all the natural (baptized) seed or only the spiritual (elect) seed of the church or both included in a Covenant of Grace relationship with God?

In the example texts previously listed in the charts relating to these questions, Scripture testifies to us that both of these are true - the Covenant of Grace is breakable, yet unbreakable. It includes only the spiritual (elect) seed and yet all the natural (baptized) seed. How can both parts of these apparent contradictions be true?

The answer lies in the manner in which God has chosen to reveal His covenant and church in the world. God has chosen to do so in both an inward and outward form, or manner. Therefore a person can be related to God's Covenant of Grace or church in only an outward and breakable way or in an inward and unbreakable manner. These two different relationships to the same covenant make it possible for both groups of texts to be true and yet not contradictory.

An inward covenant and church relationship refers to the essence, the heart of God's covenant and church in which the full spiritual blessings are received - forgiveness of sin and the right to eternal life and fellowship with God. This relationship includes all God's elect children, the spiritual, born-again seed of the church. In them, the eternal, unbreakable benefits of the covenant are realized. Through regeneration all true believers are inseparably connected to Jesus Christ, the Head of the covenant and church.

An outward covenant and church relationship refers to the visible revelation of God's covenant and church that He has chosen to reveal in the world. God has made an outward distinction and separation among people. The gathering together to worship and call upon God's name draws a visible line of separation among people on earth - those who publicly gather to worship God and those who do not. All those related to God's covenant or church bore in the Old Testament, and bear in the New Testament, a special mark of separation from the world - circumcision in the Old, and baptism in the New.

  • Natural seed - Those who are born and baptized into the church, but not regenerated by the Holy Spirit

  • Spiritual seed - God's elect children; those who are spiritually born again; the saved


    For this is as the waters of Noah unto Me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.

    For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of My peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.

    - Isaiah 54:9-10

    For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put My laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to Me a people.

    - Hebrews 8:10



    But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against Me.

    - Hosea 6:7

    This is My covenant, which ye shall keep, between Me and you and thy seed after thee; Every an child among you s~all be~clircumcised.

    - Genesis 17:10


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