1. Since God can have no communion with a sinner, how is it possible that He predestinated some members of the fallen human race unto salvation?
To be consistent with His holiness andjustice in salvation from eternity, God requested His Son to intervene as mediatorial Surety between Himself and His people by giving Himself as the ransom price for sin. This Divine agreement is properly called The Covenant of Redemption or The Counsel of Peace.
2. What is the Counsel of Peace?
The eternal will of the Father to redeem the elect through Christ's suffering and death, agreeing with the will of the Son to offer Himself as Surety for the elect.
3. Has this agreement existed between the Father and the Son from eternity?
Yes. "I will declare the decree, the Lord hath said unto Me, Thou art My Son, this day have I begotten Thee. Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earthfor Thypossession" (Ps. 2:7-8). "Andlappoint unto you a kingdom as My Father hath appointed unto Me" (Luke 22:29).
4. What must we consider in this Counsel of Peace?
Two things. (1) the agreeing parties and (2) the work of each party.
5. In what respect did the Father reveal Himself in the Counsel of Peace?
As a sovereign Lord, who deals with His Son concerning the ransom for the elect, which He was not obliged to permit.
6. In what respect did the Son reveal Himself in the Counsel of Peace?
As Redeemer and Mediator who obliged Himself to pay the debts of the elect.
7. What was the work of the Father in the Counsel of Peace?
The Father demanded that the Son fulfill all the requirements necessary for the redemption of the elect, which was the Father's eternal will. "And this is the Father's wi/4 which hath sent Me, that of all which He hath given Me, I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day" (John 6.39).
8. Did the Father also make a promise to the Son in the Counsel of Peace?
Yes, He promised Him an elect seed over which He would be Head and King. "I pray not for the world, butfor them which Thou hast given Me " (John 17.9).
9. Has the Father done anything else in the Counsel of Peace?
Yes, God the Father has confirmed the promise to His Son by means of an oath. "The Lord hath sworn and will not repent. Thou art a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek" (Ps. 110.4).
10. What was the work of the Son in this agreement?
Christ accepted the demand of the Father and assumed complete responsibility to fulfill this demand for the elect. "Then said I, Lo, I come, in the volume of the book, it is written of Me, I delight to do Thy will, 0 my God: yea, Thy law is written within My heart" (Ps. 40.7-8).
11. Is there anything else the Son of God did in the Counsel of Peace?
Yes, He required in return that the elect be His inheritance. "Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermostparts of the earth for Thy possession " (Ps. 2.8).
12. Was there another covenant to replace the broken Covenant of Works?
Yes, the Covenant of Grace.
13. When was that Covenant established in time?
Immediately after thefall. "I wiliput enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed, it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise His heel" (Gen. 3:15).
14. What is the Covenant of Grace?
The Covenant of Grace is the way opened up in Christ Jesus by which God becomes the property of the sinner, and the sinner in turn becomes the property of God (Jer. 31:33).
15. With whom is the Covenant of Grace established?
With Jesus Christ as its Head, and all the elect who are comprehended in Him.
16. What does God require in this covenant?
That which God requires - faith in Jesus Christ He also promises to give to His elect.
17. What does God promise in the Covenant of Grace?
Grace here, and eternal life hereafter. "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved" (Acts 16:31).
18. Did believers during the Old Testament dispensation also partake of all the essential benefits of the Covenant of Grace?
Yes. "Jesus Christ the same yesterday and today and forever" (Heb. 13:8).
19. How does a sinner enter into this Covenant of Grace?
God first comes to him when He kindly and beseechingly invites him with much earnestness and uprightness and solves all his difficulties. (II Cor. 5.20; Ez. 33:11, Isa. 55:2).