1. Who is the mediator of the covenant of grace?
The Lord Jesus Christ. "For there is one God and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus" (I Tim. 2:5).
2. Is He only a Mediator of intercession or also a Mediator or reconciliation?
Christ is also a Mediator of reconciliation. "Who gave Himself a ransom for all" (I Time 2:6).
3. Is Jesus Christ the true Mediator and Messiah who was to come?
Yes because all that was prophesied of the Messiah is fulfilled in Him.
4. How must we personally come to know Christ as Mediator?
(1) In His names; (2) In His Offices; (3) In His natures; (4) In His states; (5) In his benefits.
5. What are the two most common names of the Mediator?
Jesus and Christ, the first, a Hebrew, and the second, a Greek name.
6. What does the name Jesus signify?
Savior. "Thou shalt call His name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins" (Matt. 1:21).
7. What does it mean to save a person spiritually?
To deliver a person from the greatest evil and to make him a partaker of the supreme good.
8. How does Jesus save His people?
By meriting and applying salvation to them.
9. Can we separate Christ's meriting from His applying of salvation?
No, for Christ applies salvation to all those for whom He merited it. "By His knowledge shall My righteous servant justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities" (Isa. 53:11).
10. Does this application of salvation depend on ourselves?
No, but it depends on the powerful operation of divine grace.
11. 11. What does the name Christ signify?
12. What is the name of Christ in original Hebrew?
Messiah. "We have found the Messiah, which is, being interpreted, the Christ" (John 1:41).
13. How many parts are included in Christ's anointing?
Two parts: His appointment to, and qualification for, His mediatorial office.
14. Who has appointed and qualified Christ as Mediator?
God the Father.
15. When was this appointment made?
From eternity. "I was set up (or anointed) from everlasting" (Prov. 8:23).
16. In which nature was He appointed?
In both His divine and human natures.
17. When was He qualified as Mediator?
In the fulness of time.
18. In which nature was He qualified?
In His human nature, for no qualification could take place in His divine nature.
19. Why is His appointment called an anointing?
Because Old Testament men were ordained and installed to important offices by anointing.
20. Why is Christ's qualification called an anointing?
Because when anointed, God infused into such persons the qualirications necessary for these offices.
21. How is Christ anointed or qualified?
With the Holy Ghost. "How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power' I (Acts 10.38).
22. What gifts of the Holy Spirit are particularly communicated to Him?
Wisdom, power, and holiness.
23. How did Christ manifest His wisdom?
In His teachings (Matt. 7.28-29).
24. How did Christ display His power?
In His miracles. "A prophet mighty in deed and in word" (Luke 24.19).
25. How did Christ reveal His holiness?
Through His sinlessness.
26. Did Christ have original sin?
No. "That holy thing which shall be born of thee" (Luke 1:35).
27. Did Christ have any actual sins?
No. "Which of you con vinceth Me of sin?" (John 8.45).
28. Could the Mediator have any sin?
No, for one who is a sinner himself cannot satisfy for others. "For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners" (Heb. 7.26).
29. How many natures does Christ have?
A divine and human nature. "God was manifest in the flesh" (I Tim. 3:16).
30. Is Christ truly God?
Yes. "This is the true God and eternal life' I (I John 5.20).
31. Which of the three Persons in the Godhead is He?
The Second Person, the Son. "But when the fulness of time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law" (Gal. 4:4).
32. Is Christ a real man?
Yes. "The man Christ Jesus" (I Tim. 2:5).
33. Of how many parts does His human nature consist?
Of two parts, soul and body.
34. Was Christ's soul part of His Godhead?
No, for He suffered in His soul and the Godhead cannot suffer. "My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death II (Matt. 26:38).
35. Why was it necessary for Christ to be God?
(1) To support His human nature in bearing the infinite wrath of God and (2) to give an infinite value to His merits (Isa. 63:1-3).
36. Why was it necessary for Christ to be a man?
To be capable of suffering and dying.
37. Are the two natures of Christ united?
Yes, they are united in the Person Christ Jesus.
38. How was this unity accomplished?
By the divine Person assuming the human nature to Himself. "He took upon Him the form of a servant" (Phil. 2: 7).
39. Is Christ's Godhead changed into His human nature?
No, He continues to be God.
40. Are the two natures of Christ intermixed so as to become one nature?
No, they remain two distinct natures, even after their union.
41. Do these two natures constitute two persons?
No, for they are united in one Person.
42. Are any divine attributes transferred to His human nature?
No, each nature of Christ retains its distinct properties.