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Page 98


  • Monotheistic - Believing in only one god


  • Does the Old Testament speak of Jesus Christ and salvation through Him? Do the Orthodox Jews truly believe the truths taught in the Old Testament? Can a person believe in one Testament and not in the other?











  • Mecca - The birthplace of Mohammed and headquarters of Islam


  • Can you name several basic principles of Christianity that are missing in Mohammedanism? Which basic principles are found in both?



    How does Acts 4:12 apply to Judaism and Mohammedanism? To us?

    Monotheistic False Religions


    Judaism

    Judaism is the religion of the Jews. It is one of the oldest religions in the world and has as its basis the Old Testament law and prophets. It has always been monotheistic, believing in only one God.

    The rejection of the Lord Jesus Christ as the Messiah, the Savior, and the denial of the books of the New Testament have turned Judaism into a false religion.

      1. Orthodox - Strict followers of the Old Testament laws and the interpretations of the scribes who yet expect the Messiah to come

      2. Reformed - Believers in the nation of Israel as the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament

      3. Radical - Deniers of all special revelation from God



    Mohammedanism or Islam

    Mohammedanism is based on the teachings of its founder Mohammed who lived from 570 to 632 A.D. in Arabia. As a merchant traveling in caravans to the east, Mohammed became familiar with various forms of heathenism, Judaism, and Christianity. After marrying a rich widow, he retired and devoted his time to the development of Islam. ("Islam" means "submission to God.") He wrote the Koran, the "Bible" of all Moslems (also known as "Muslims," or "followers of Islam").

    Islam requires submission to the following "Five Pillars of the Faith":

      1. Profession of faith - All Moslems believe that there is only one god, or Allah, that Mohammed was his greatest and last prophet, and that there will be a final judgment.

      2. Prayer - Islamic custom requires the performance of five ritual prayers daily. These may usually be performed wherever the Moslem is, but preferably in a mosque. He must bow in the direction of Mecca.

      3. Almsgiving - The regular giving of alms, in the amount of one fortieth of a man's annual revenue, is required.

      4. Fasting - Abstinence from food and drink from sunrise to sunset, is required during the holy month of Ramadan. Those sick or on a journey may be exempted from fasting if they make up for the lost days by fasting at a later time.

      5. Pilgrimage - Every Moslem must, if at all financially possible, make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his lifetime.

    Belief in "jihad," or the obligation of waging holy war for Allah, has often made Moslem nations a fierce and fearful power.



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