1. For what purpose was Christ exalted?
To apply His benefits to His people.
2. How may Christ's benefits for His people be distinguished?
Into two types: (1) benefits in this life and (2) benefits in the life to come.
3. What benefits does Christ bestow upon His people in this life?
Effectual calling, justification, and sanctification are three of Christ's main benefits.
4. What benefits does Christ confer upon His people after this life?
Resurrection, final judgment, and eternal life.
5. How many types of callings does God exercise?
Two: (1) an external calling and (2) an internal calling.
6. How does God send forth His external calling?
Through the hearing or reading of His Word (Prov. 9:3-6).
7. How does God send forth His internal calling?
Through the Spirit of God who effectually applies the Word of God (Jer. 31:33).
8. Who are externally called by God?
All who come in contact with God's Word, including those who are not elected. "Many are called, but few chosen" (Mt. 20:16).
9. Is the external calling universal?
In Christendom, but not through the whole world.
10. Is the external call more widespread now than under the Old Testament?
Yes, in the Old Testament dispensation the external call was sent to the Jews only, but it is now sent also to the Gentiles.
11. Is there a calling from nature that leads to salvation?
No, nature reveals nothing of Christ, outside of whom there is no salvation.
12. Is the external calling sufficient for conversion?
No. "So then neither is he that planteth anything, neither he that watereth, but God that giveth the increase" (I Cor. 3:7).
13. What must accompany the external call to make it effectual in the heart?
The internal calling of God, as we see in Lydia. "Whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken by Paul" (Acts 16:14).
14. Who are internally called?
Only the elect. "Whom He did predestinate, them He also called" (Rom. 8:30).
15. What is the internal calling?
A powerful changing of the whole man.
16. Is there anything to be changed in man?
Yes, his heart, understanding, will, affections, and walk of life.
17. In what condition are these faculties by nature?
The heart is totally depraved; the understanding, darkened; the will, perverse; the affections, irregular; and the walk of life, sinful (Eph. 4:18; Rom. 8:7).
18. What do they become by effectual calling?
The understanding is enlightened to know God in His all-sufficiency (I Cor. 2:12-13a). The will is changed to serve and glorify God (Rom. 7:15). The affections are purified to hate sin, to love God as the supreme good, and to desire holiness (Rom. 6:19). The walk of life is sanctified.
19. Is this internal calling efficacious?
Yes, it has an irresistible power (Eph. 1:19-20).
20. Is there more in the internal call than external persuasion?
Yes, an inward inclining of the will of God's elect
21. Does God compel the will of the elect?
No, He makes His elect willing (Song of Solomon 1:4).
22. How is the efficacy of the internal calling expressed in Scripture?
It is called a creating. "For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works" (Eph. 2:10). It is also termed a drawing; "No man can come unto Me, except the Father, which hath sent Me draw him " (John 6:44).