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Page 257

Justification consists of the following two parts:

    1. Forgiveness of all sin; pardon from all guilt

    2. Right to eternal life; adoption as a child and heir of God

God's law demands the penalty of death for all who transgress its commands, and the reward of eternal life for all who keep it perfectly. As Substitute and Covenant Head, Jesus Christ paid the death penalty for His people to fully pardon them from all guilt. He also perfectly kept God's law and earned for them a right to eternal life.

The perfect active and passive obedience of Christ being applied to a sinner results in his complete justification, as shown in the chart below.


Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.

- Romans 3:24

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.

- Romans 8:la

For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.

And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be also glorified together.

- Romans 8:15-17


Type of Christ's Obedience
Relation to God's Law
Resulting Justification Benefits

1. Passive obedience

Christ bore the full punishment of God's wrath against sin; He paid the full death penalty for His Church.

A full pardon from the penalty of sin - forgiveness of all sins; deliverance from eternal death (hell)

2. Active obedience

Christ lived a perfectly sinless life; He earned the reward of eternal life for His Church.

A right to eternal life; adoption as God's child and heir; entrance into eternal life (heaven)

In justification, God graciously grants to unworthy sinners verything they stand in need of; it closes hell, opens heaven, and restores communion with God (as adopted children). Is justification by God your deep need, desire, or experience?

The two parts of justification and their wonderful results are portrayed in the story on the following page.

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