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Page 286

  • Imputes - To apply, ascribe, or attribute to another

  • Infuses - To work or pour into; to instill by continual application
  • These distinguishing traits are as follows:


    1. Regards the person's state

    Regards the person's condition

    2. Is a legal/judicial act

    Is a moral/renewing act

    3. Concerns pardon from the guilt of sin (bloodshedding)

    Concerns washing from the pollution of sin (water-washing)

    4. Imputes Christ's righteousness;
    declares the person righteous

    Infuses Christ's righteousness;
    makes the person holy

    5. Is equal in all - all receive full pardons

    Differs in degree - all are sanctified, but to different extents

    6. Is God's work outside of a person - a work for and applied to him

    Is God's work within a person - a work in him

    7. Is instant and complete

    Is gradual and life-long

    While justification and sanctification are distinct benefits, yet both have much in common. Both are: received by free grace, possible only through Christ's merits, precious benefits of the Covenant of Grace, given only to God's elect, necessary to appear before God, and inseparably united.

    The story on the following page provides a simple example help illustrate the differences between justification a sanctification.

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