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God has revealed three types of law in His Word as described in the chart below:


THREE TYPES OF BIBLICAL LAW
Type
Definition
Biblical Example

1. Moral Law

God-given laws to regulate all people's (both Old and New Testament) relationships with God and others; the Ten Commandments; laws governing inward motives and thoughts, and outward words and actions

And He gave unto Moses, when He had made an end of communing with him upon Mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

- Exodus 31:18

2. Ceremonial Law

God-given laws to regulate Israel's Old Testament religious worship; laws governing outward religious ceremonies

- Regulations pertaining to man's expression of love to God

And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.

Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.

- Exodus 29:5-7

3. Civil Law

God-given laws to regulate Israel's Old Testament daily, civil life; laws governing outward societal behavior

- Regulations pertaining to man's expression of love to his neighbor

And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

- Exodus 21:26-27


God's ceremonial law was given to the Old Testament church to regulate its outward worship of God, its religious ceremonies. The required bloodsheddings and washing by water signified a deeper, more spiritual truth. They pointed to the Savior, to the justifying and sanctifying work of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Israel's ceremonial laws included four kinds of holy or sacred subjects, as shown in the chart on the following page.

 

For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

- Hebrews 10:1

 

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