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Page 36


And Melchisedec king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

- Genesis 14:18-20

1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;

2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by inter-pretation King of Righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of Peace;

3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

4 Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

5 And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

6 But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.

7 And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.

8 And here men that die receive tithes: but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.

9 And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.

10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.

11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another Priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?

12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

13 For He of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe of which no man gave attendance at the altar.

14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Judah; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.

15 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another Priest,

16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.

17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

- Hebrews 7:1-7


Christ's priesthood is of a higher order than Aaron's. Christ's is a kingly, a royal priesthood; Aaron's was not. This is expounded in Hebrews 7 when the apostle speaks of Christ as a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. The following chart shows seven ways in which the royal priesthood of Melchizedek (as a type of Christ) is greater than Aaron's priesthood.

Aaron Melchizedek Christ

1. Non-royal

Royal - Priest and king (vs.1)

Royal - The Priest of Priests and King of Kings

2. The meaning of Aaron's name is unknown

"Melchizedek" means "King of Righteousness"
"King of Salem" means "King of Peace" (vs. 2)

Christ is the great kingly and priestly Mediator - the great King of Righteousness and King of Peace

3. Served by lineage or descent - from father to son

"Melchizedek" means "King of Righteousness"
"King of Salem" means "King of Peace" (vs. 2)

Christ is the great kingly and priestly Mediator - the great King of Righteousness and King of Peace

4. Temporary priesthood

No mention made of the beginning or ending of this priesthood as a type of Christ (vs. 3)

Eternal priesthood (vs. 15-17, Ps. 110:4)

5. Levitical priesthood received tithes from the people (vs. 5)

Levi paid tithes (in Abraham) to the greater Melchizedek (vs. 2, 4-6, 8-12)

The great Royal Priest to whom all are to pay their tithes

6. Blessed the Israelites

As the greater, blessing priest, Melchizedek blessed Abraham (vs. 6-7)

The greatest blessing Priest, whose blessings all need.

7. Did not provide nourishment

Provided physically nourishing bread and wine as a type of Christ (Gen. 14:18)

Provided spiritual bread (His body) and wine (His blood) for spiritual life and nourishment

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