From Our Reformed Doctrinal Standards
Questions and Answers 35-51
Q. 35. What is the meaning of these words - "He was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary"?
A. That God's eternal Son, who is, and continueth true and eternal God, took upon Him the
very nature of man, of the flesh and blood of the Virgin Mary, by the operation of the Holy Ghost; that He might also be the true seed of David. like unto His brethren in all things, sin excepted.
Q. 36. What profit dost thou receive by Christ's holy conception and nativity?
A. That He is our Mediator; and with His innocence and perfect holiness, covers in the sight of God, my sins, wherein I was conceived and brought forth.
Q. 37. What dost thou understand by the words, "He suffered"?
A. That He, all the time that He lived on earth, but especially at the end of His life, sustained in body and soul, the wrath of God against the sins of all mankind: that so by His passion, as the only propitiatory sacrifice, He might redeem our body and soul from everlasting damnation. and obtain for us the favor of God, righteousness and eternal life.
Q. 38. Why did He suffer under Pontius Pilate, as judge?
A. That He, being innocent, and yet condemned by a temporal judge, might thereby free us from the severe judgment of God to which we were exposed.
Q. 39. Is there anything more in His being crucified, than if He had died some other death?
A. Yes (there is); for thereby I am assured, that He took on Him the curse which lay upon me; for the death of the cross was accursed of God.
Q. 40. Why was it necessary for Christ to humble Himself even unto death?
A. Because with respect to the justice and truth of God, satisfaction for our sins could be made no otherwise, than by the death of the Son of God.