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Page 60

During His earthly ministry, why did Jesus suffer as if He were guilty of transgressing God's law?

  • Humiliation - Being humbled or disgraced; being reduced in dignity
  • Exaltation - Being exalted or elevated; being honored, glorified, praised, or raised in degree

    Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.

    But made himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:

    And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

    - Philippians2:6-8

    But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth His son, made of a woman, made under the law,

    To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

    - Galatians 4:4-5

    For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh.

    - Romans 8:3


    What is meant by a three-fold death? (Volume I, p. 305 may assist you.)

      The judge then sentenced the guilty person with a just penalty for his guilt.

      This man's being declared guilty is his state; the resulting suffering is his condition.

      During his earthly ministry, why was Jesus viewed as guilty? What was the resulting condition in his life?

    When studying Christ's relationship with God's law and justice, two states are observable. In the one, Jesus is viewed as guilty, in the other He is declared innocent. The resulting condition of the first in named His state of humiliation; the second is entitled His state of exaltation.

    When the Lord Jesus took upon Himself our human nature, He also took upon Himself all the guilt of His people's sin. He became Sin-bearer and Substitute for His children. Therefore Jesus was viewed as a guilty lawbreaker and fell under the wrath and condemnation of God. God's justice required the full penalty for sin to be paid. To be the Mediator of His Church, Jesus had to enter into the position of guilty and suffer God's full wrath against sin. As substitute, Christ paid the full penalty, He died a three-fold death for the saved. All this He endured in His state of humiliation.

    However, after fully satisfying God's law and paying the entire price for sin, God's justice required Jesus' release from suffering and punishment and His pronouncement as innocent and righteous. The same justice, which demanded the punishment of death for disobedience, also required the reward of eternal life for obedience. Jesus' being raised in honor and glory is His state of exaltation.

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