The following diagram distinguishes the Church Invisible (both Militant on earth and Triumphant in heaven) from the Visible on earth. The same inward and outward distinctions can be made when referring to the Covenant of Grace relationships (see Chapter 9) or baptism applications (see Chapter 27).
Errors can be made by either overvaluing or undervaluing the Church Visible. Overvaluing one's outward relationship includes the various views of presumptive regeneration - assuming that church members are saved children of God because of their visible baptism, confession, and church membership. The Roman Catholic
Compare the six characteristics of the Church Visible and Invisible with the chart on this page. How does each characteristic relate to this drawing?