What is the primary purpose of a catechism? Why is it important to realize this truth?
protest letter to King Philip. This package was thrown over the castle wall for the king to read as an attempt to stop the persecution and to confess the Reformed faith to the world. The persecution continued, however, and de Bres was captured, tortured, and hanged.
The Belgic Confession of Faith contains thirty-seven articles that briefly explain most of the major doctrines of Scripture as confessed by the Protestant churches of the Netherlands. The National Synod of Dordt wholeheartedly approved de Bres' Confession of Faith in 1618-1619 for use in the Reformed churches.
The Heidelberg Catechism
The Heidelberg Catechism was written in 1562 by Zacharias Ursinus, a twenty-eight-year-old professor of theology, and Caspar Olevianus, a twenty-six-year-old minister in Heidelberg.
The Catechism was written as the result of a severe struggle between the Lutheran and Calvinist Protestants in the Palatinate, a province in Germany. To resolve this conflict, Frederick III, its elector, arranged for a debate to be held between both groups. After a decisive Calvinistic victory, Frederick appointed Ursinus and Olevianus to write a catechism to be used for instruction in all churches.
The Catechism was approved by the Heidelberg Synod in 1563 and by John Calvin, who requested the addition of Question and Answer 80 pertaining to the popish mass. The Heidelberg Catechism was soon translated into several languages, and its influence spread very rapidly throughout the churches of the Reformation.
The Heidelberg Catechism contains 129 Questions and Answers, which are divided into 52 Lord's Days - one for each week of the year. It is written with the following two unique features: