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Page 267

Trait Definition Example Text

1. Doxology

Praise and adoration of God

Give unto the LORD, O ye mighty, give unto the LORD glory and strength.
Give unto the LORD the glory due unto His Name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.

- Psalm 29:1-2

2. Order

Thoughtful and careful organization

How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, everyone of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.
Let all things be done decently and in good order.

- I Corinthians 14:26, 33, 40

3. Edification (Instruction)

Serving to the benefit of others, especially spiritually

How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God.

- Romans 10:14,17

4. Confession

Congregational response to God's Word and call to worship, e.g. prayer, song, and confession of faith

And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.

- Exodus 24:7

5. Official Character

Conducted and governed by an organized church under the leadership of official officebearers

Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

- I Corinthians 11:33-34

Based upon the five scriptural traits concerning the spirit of true worship and its previously-mentioned scriptural principles, our church fathers developed a liturgy for the congregational worship service. The entire liturgy is to support the worship service's main purpose - the declaration of God's Word and praise of His Name. Nothing should be introduced into the liturgy which would detract from - its principal purpose.

The historical liturgy adopted by the Protestant churches for their worship services included the following ten items.

    1. Votum
    2. Salutation
    3. God's Law/Confession of Faith
    4. Prayer
    5. Scripture Reading
    6. Preaching of the Word
    7. Offerings
    8. Congregational singing
    9. Benediction
    10. Doxology

The worshipping of God as a congregation is very important. How does this truth point to the importance of our liturgy?


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