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Page 465

2. The Lutheran view: Christ's bodily presence in, with, and under the elements of bread and wine -Luther also interpreted the words of Christ literally, but he opposed the teaching of transubstantiation. Luther believed that the bread remained bread and the wine remained wine; that no change of substance occurred. However, Luther taught (with most, but not all, Lutheran churches today) that the physical but invisible body and blood of Christ mysteriously attaches itself to the elements used in the Lord's Supper. The physical body and blood of Christ come with, in, and under the bread and wine. This view is entitled "consubstantiation."

3. The Calvinistic/Reformed view: Christ's real, but spiritual, presence and sealing power -Calvin interpreted (with the Reformed churches today) the words of Christ symbolically and spiritually. The bread represents Christ's body, and the wine pictures Christ's blood. These are received spiritually by the true participant. They are communicated to his soul by the Spirit. There is a real, but spiritual (not physical) presence of Christ at the Lord's Supper. By faith, the child of God experiences this special, spiritually-communicated presence of Christ and spiritually conveyed sealing power of the promises of the gospel.

    "I am sorry, but I do not understand what you mean by Calvin's view," Barbara stated. "If Jesus' body is in heaven, how can it be communicated spiritually to those on earth at the Lord's table?




What did Luther believe regarding Christ's resurrected body? .How does this view relate to his consubstantiation belief?







Regarding the Lord's Supper, which of the four views .presented believe in:
-Jesus' special physical presence?
-Jesus' special spiritual presence?
-No special presence of Jesus?


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