Of God The Holy Ghost
20 Lord's Day
A. First, that He is true and coeternal God with the Father and the Son;(1) secondly, that He is also given me,(2) to make me by a true faith, partaker of Christ and all His benefits,(3) that He may comfort me(4) and abide with me for ever.(5)
(1) Gen 1:2 And the earth was without form,
and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God
moved upon the face of the waters.
(2) Matt 28:19
therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father,
and† of the Son, and of the Holy
(3) Gal 3:14 That the blessing of Abraham might
come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise
of the Spirit through faith.
(4) Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
(5) John 14:16 And I will pray the
Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you
2. Who is the
3. How can His
divinity be proved?
4. Is He a power
or is He a Person?
5. What is the
meaning of the expression, "that He is also given me"?
6. What does the
Spirit do in the heart?
7. Why is He
8. Do Godís
people need this Comforter?
9. Is the work of
the Holy Ghost a changeable work in the heart?
10. Can we sin
against the Holy Ghost?
21 Lord's Day
A. That the Son of God(1) from the beginning to the end of the world,(2) gathers,(3) defends, and preserves to Himself(4) by His Spirit and Word,(5) out of the whole human race,(6) a Church chosen to everlasting life,(7) agreeing in true faith; and that I am and forever shall remain, a living member thereof.(8)
(1) John 10:11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth His life for the sheep.
(2) Gen 26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed.
(3) Rom 9:24 Even us, whom He hath
called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
(4) John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear My voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
(5) Isa 59:21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
(6) Deut 10:14 Behold, the heaven and the
heaven of heavens is the LORD's Thy God, the earth also, with all that
(7) Acts 13:48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
(8) 1 Cor 1:8 Who shall also confirm you unto
the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2. Why is it
3. Who is the
Head of the church?
4. When does
Christ gather His church?
5. What is the
6. What is the
church in heaven called?
7. What is the
unifying element into which the Son of God gathers His church?
8. In regard to
this church, what must each person seek to know?
A. First, that all and every one who believes, being members of Christ, are in common, partakers of Him, and of all His riches and gifts;(1) secondly, that every one must know it to be his duty, readily and cheerfully to employ his gifts, for the advantage and salvation of other members.(2)
(1) 1 John 1:3 That which we have seen and
heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with
us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus
(2) 1 Cor 13:5 Doth not behave itself unseemly,
seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil.
2. What is meant
here by the word saints?
3. How ought they
to employ their gifts?
4. What are the
gifts which are meant here?
A. That God, for the sake of Christ's satisfaction,(1) will no more remember my sins, neither my corrupt nature, against which I have to struggle all my life long; but will graciously impute to me the righteousness of Christ,(2) that I may never be condemned before the tribunal of God.(3)
(1) 1 John 2:2 And He is the propitiation
for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole
(2) Jer 31:34 And they shall teach no more every
man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they
shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith
the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no
(3) John 3:18 He that believeth on Him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
2. For whose sake
are sins forgiven?
3. In what does
the forgiveness of sins consist?
4. What does each
upright believer experience?
5. What is the
consequence of the forgiveness of sins?
22 Lord's Day
A. That not only my soul after this life shall be immediately taken up to Christ its Head;(1) but also, that this my body, being raised by the power of Christ, shall be reunited with my soul, and made like unto the glorious body of Christ.(2)
(1) Luke 23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be
with Me in paradise.
(2) 1 Cor 15:53 For this corruptible must put on
incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
2. What is it
that is clearly confessed here?
3. What is
expressed by the word "immediately"?
4. To what do the
words, "also, that this my body" refer?
5. By what means
will the resurrection of the body take place?
6. What will the situation of the bodies of the ungodly be? They shall arise to an eternal horror.
7. What those of
A. That since I now feel in my heart the beginning of eternal joy,(1) after this life I shall inherit perfect salvation,(2) which "eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither has it entered into the heart of man" to conceive,(3) and that, to praise God therein for ever.
(1) 2 Cor
5:2 For in this
we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from
(2) Psa 10:11 He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see it.
(3) 1 Cor 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love Him.
2. In what way is
eternal life already experienced here?
3. Of what is
this beginning of eternal joy a pledge?
4. What does the catechism say of the perfect salvation? That it is a salvation which no eye has seen and no ear has heard, and which has never entered into the heart of man to conceive.
5. For what
purpose is this all granted?
23 Lord's Day
A. That I am righteous in Christ, before God, and an heir of eternal life.(1)
(1) Rom 5:1 Therefore being justified by
faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
2. What is that
3. What does
Godís Word mean by the expression, "being declared righteous" [or
4. How was man
5. What did man
become because of the fall?
6. What benefits
do Godís people receive in Christ?
A. Only by a true faith in Jesus Christ;(1) so that, though my conscience accuse me, that I have grossly transgressed all the commandments of God, and kept none of them,(2) and am still inclined to all evil;(3) notwithstanding, God, without any merit of mine,(4) but only of mere grace, 5) grants(6) and imputes to me,(7) the perfect satisfaction, righteousness and holiness of Christ;(8) even so, as if I never had had, nor committed any sin: yea, as if I had fully accomplished all that obedience which Christ has accomplished for me;(9) inasmuch as I embrace such benefit with a believing heart.(10)
(1) Rom 3:22 Even the righteousness of God
which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe:
for there is no difference.
(2) Rom 3:9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin.
(3) Rom 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
(4) Rom 3:24 Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.
(5) Tit 3:5 Not by works of righteousness
which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by the washing of
regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
(6) Rom 4:4 Now to him that worketh is
the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
(7) 1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.
(8) Rom 3:24 Being justified freely by His
grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
(9) 2 Cor 5:21 For He hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.
(10) Rom 3:28 Therefore we conclude
that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
2. Who is he that
3. How does he
4. What is the
basis of this justification?
5. How is this
granted to the sinner?
6. What is the
difference between justification and sanctification?
7. To what extent is the satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ granted and imputed to Godís children? It is as if they never had sin nor committed any sin, yes, as if they themselves had fully accomplished all that obedience which Christ has accomplished for them.
8. Do all Godís children have a conscious certainty of it? No, only inasmuch as they embrace such benefit with a believing heart.
A. Not that I am acceptable to God, on account of the worthiness of my faith,(1) but because only the satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ is my righteousness before God;(2) and that I cannot receive and apply the same to myself any other way than by faith only.(3)
16:2 O my soul, thou hast said unto the LORD, Thou art my Lord: my
goodness extendeth not to thee.
(2) 1 Cor
But of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and
righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.
(3) I John 5:10 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made Him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son.
2. Does the basis
of justification then lie in his faith?
3. What is then
the basis of it?
4. How then does
24 Lord's Day
A. Because that the righteousness, which can be approved of before the tribunal of God, must be absolutely perfect, and in all respects conformable to the divine law;(1) and also, that our best works in this life are all imperfect and defiled with sin.(2)
3:10 For as
many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written,
Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written
in the book of the law to do them.
(2) Isa 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
2. What are good
3. Who are those
that maintain that good works are meritorious?
4. Why cannot
good works have any merit?
A. This reward is not of merit, but of grace.(1)
(1) Luke 17:10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.
2. How must this
then be understood?
3. Why can no
mention ever be made of reward because of merit?
4. What must then
be said of this?
A. By no means: for it is impossible that those, who are implanted into Christ by a true faith, should not bring forth fruits of thankfulness.(1)
(1) Matt 7:18 A good tree cannot bring
forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
2. What do they
3. What is the
accusation which is presented?
4. How is this
5. What does
Godís Word say regarding this?