Second Part - Of Man's Deliverance
5. Lord's Day
Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment,
is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favour?
A. God will have His
justice satisfied,(1) and therefore we must make this full
satisfaction, either by ourselves or by another.(2)
(1) Exod 20:5 Thou
shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous
God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth
generation of them that hate me.
(2) Deut 24:16 The fathers shall not be put to death for the
children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be
put to death for his own sin.
2 Cor 5:14 For the love of Christ constraineth us;
because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
2 Cor 5:15 And that He died for all, that they which
live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto Him which died for them, and
1. What does the Heidelberg Catechism consider?
is the doctrine of deliverance.
2. Which deliverance is this?
the deliverance of the fallen, elect sinner, for there is for the fallen devils not
3. What does this question say about the punishment?
That we have deserved it by the righteous judgment of God.
4. What else is comprehended in this question?
Whether there is any way by which we may escape that deserved punishment and be
again received into favor.
5. What does it mean to be again received into favor?
It means to again be restored in God's favor and communion.
6. What is the answer upon this question 12?
God will have His justice satisfied.
7. How must this take place?
make fully satisfy God's justice, either by ourselves or by another.
Can we ourselves then make this satisfaction?
A. By no means;(1) but on the contrary we daily increase our debt.(2)
9:2 I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with God?
Job 9:3 If he will contend with Him, he cannot
answer Him one of a thousand.
Job 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he
which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
Job 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints;
yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man,
which drinketh iniquity like water?
Matt 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Isa 64:6 But we are all as an unclean
thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf;
and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
1. In what does the satisfaction of God's justice
a. In enduring the punishment.
b. In keeping God's law perfectly.
2. Can we do this ourselves?
means; but on the contrary we daily increase our debt.
3. Prove this from God's Word.
"For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not"
(Ecclesiastes 7:20; see also Proverbs 20:9).
Can there be found anywhere one, who is a mere creature, able to satisfy for us?
A. None; for,
first, God will not punish any other creature for the sin which man has committed;(1) and further, no mere
creature can sustain the burden of God's eternal wrath against sin, so as to deliver
others from it.(2)
(1) Ezek 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall
not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the
son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the
wicked shall be upon him.
(2) Rev 5:3
And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book,
neither to look thereon.
Psa 49:8 (For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for
Psa 49:9 That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption.
1. What is sought for in this question?
possibly there is, outside of man, any creature who can satisfy for us.
2. Is this possible?
3. Why not?
For two reasons: (a) The
Lord will not punish any other creature for the sin which man has committed, and (b) No
other creature is able to sustain the burden of God's eternal wrath against sin and
deliver others in this way.
4. What is here meant by any other creature?
Another kind of creature, thus not of the human race.
5. Why cannot any single creature sustain the burden
of God's wrath against sin and deliver others from it?
It is because God's
wrath is an eternal wrath, which can never be removed by a finite creature.
What sort of a mediator and deliverer then must we seek for?
A. For one who is
very man,(1) and perfectly righteous; and yet more powerful
than all creatures; that is, one who is also very God. (2)
(1) 1 Cor 15:21
For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
Rev 8:3 For what the law could not do, in
that it was weak through the flesh, God sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful
flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh.
(2) Rom 9:5 Whose
are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God
blessed for ever. Amen.
Isa 7:14 Therefore the Lord Himself shall give
you a sign: Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call His name
1. What is a mediator?
A mediator is an
intermediary who acts works between two separate parties with the purpose of bringing them
2. What are the requisites which the mediator between
God and the sinner must satisfy?
He must be very man and perfectly
righteous, and at the same time be very God.
3. What is a very man?
It is a person
who is of the human race, that is to say, having soul and body.
4. What is a righteous man?
It is a
person who is without sin, perfectly righteous.
5. Must he be more than very man and righteous?
Yes, he must be more powerful than all creatures in order that he be able to bear
the wrath of God.
6. Lord's Day
Why must he be very man, and also perfectly righteous?
A. Because the justice
of God requires that the same human nature which hath sinned, should likewise make
satisfaction for sin;(1) and one, who is himself a sinner,
cannot satisfy for others.(2)
(1) Rom 5:12
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed
upon all men, for that all have sinned;
Rom 5:15 But not as the offence, so also
is the free gift. For if
through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by
grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
(2) 1 Pet 3:18 For
Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us
to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.
Isa 53:11 He shall see of the travail of His
soul, and shall be
satisfied: by His knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for He shall
bear their iniquities.
1. Why must He be very man?
Because the justice of God requires that the same human nature which hath sinned should
make satisfaction for sin.
2. Why must He be a righteous man?
Because one who is himself a sinner cannot satisfy for others.
3. Can you prove this from God's Word?
"For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate
from sinners, and made higher than the heavens" (Hebrews 7:26).
Why must He in one person be also very God?
A. That He might by the
power of His Godhead sustain in His human nature the burden of God's wrath;(1) and might obtain for, and restore to us, righteousness and
(1) 1 Pet 3:18
For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He
might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.
Act 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having
loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that He should be holden of it.
Isa 53:8 He was taken from prison and from
judgment: and who shall declare His generation? for He was cut off out of the land of the
living: for the transgression of My people was He stricken.
(2) 1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it,
and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was
with the Father, and was manifested unto us).
Jer 23:6 In His days Judah shall be saved,
and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is His name whereby He shall be
THE LORD OUR
2 Tim 1:10 But is now made manifest by the
appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and
immortality to light through the gospel:
John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down
from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I
will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
1. Why must the Mediator be very God?
In order to sustain the eternal wrath of God in His human nature and to deliver
others from it.
2. What more does the answer say of this?
That He must also be God in order to obtain for and restore to us righteousness and
3. Is only the obtaining of it sufficient?
No, for that which is obtained must be personally applied.
4. Cannot man himself do this?
only God can quicken a dead sinner.
Who then is that Mediator, who is in one person both very God, and a real righteous
A. Our Lord Jesus
Christ,(1) "who of God is made unto us wisdom, and
righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption."(2)
Matt 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a Son,
and they shall call His name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
1 Tim 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery
of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of
angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of
Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
(2) 1 Cor 1:30 But
of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and
sanctification, and redemption.
1. Who is this Mediator?
2. Where does God's Word teach us that He is very
In 1 Timothy 2:5: "For there is one God, and one Mediator between
God and men, the man Christ Jesus."
3. And where does it teach that He is righteous man?
In John 8:46: "Which of you convinceth Me of sin?"
4. Is He also very God?
the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" (John
5. For what is He made to be Mediator for His church?
He is made of God unto wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption.
Whence knowest thou this?
A. From the holy
gospel, which God Himself first revealed in Paradise;(1) and
afterwards published by the patriarchs
and prophets,(2) and represented by the sacrifices and other
ceremonies of the law;(3) and lastly, has fulfilled it by His
only begotten Son.(4)
(1) Gen 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it
shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
(2) Gen 22:17
That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the
stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall
possess the gate of his enemies;
Gen 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the
blessed; because thou hast obeyed My voice.
Gen 28:14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of
the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north,
and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be
Rom 1:2 (Which He had promised afore by His prophets in
the holy scriptures)
Heb 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners
spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets.
John 5:46 For had ye believed Moses, ye
would have believed Me: for he wrote of Me.
(3) Heb 10:7 Then
said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of Me,) to do Thy
will, O God.
Heb 10:8 Above when He said, Sacrifice and offering
offerings and offering for sin Thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein;
which are offered by the law.
(4) Rom 10:4 For
Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
Heb 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to
day, and for ever.
1. From where can the Mediator only be known?
From the holy gospel.
2. What is the meaning of the word
It means glad tidings.
3. Where was He first revealed?
Paradise in the mother-promise, immediately after the fall (Genesis 3:15).
4. By whom was He published in the Old Testament
times? By the patriarchs and prophets.
5. Was it done only audibly?
was also shadowed forth by the sacrifices and other ceremonies of the law.
6. What ultimately took place?
fulfilled the prophecies and shadowing forth by His only begotten Son.
7. Lord's Day
Are all men then, as they perished in Adam, saved by Christ?
A. No; only those
who are ingrafted into Him,(1) and receive all
His benefits, by a true faith.(2)
(1) Matt 1:21
And she shall bring forth a Son, and thou shalt call His name JESUS: for He shall save His
people from their sins.
Isa 53:11 He shall see of the travail of
soul, and shall be satisfied: by His knowledge shall My righteous servant justify
many; for He shall bear their iniquities.
(2) John 1:12
But as many as received Him, to them gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them
that believe on His name:
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of
the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Rom 11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were
broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear.
Heb 10:39 But we are not of them who draw back
unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
1. Are all men saved?
those who are ingrafted into Him and receive all His benefits by a true faith.
2. In whom are all men comprehended?
In Adam, as head of the covenant of works.
3. What is therefore necessary?
cut off from Adam and ingrafted into Christ.
4. Is that an act of faith?
No, it is
an act of God's sovereign grace, by which faith is planted in the heart of the sinner.
5. What is the result of this?
that the sinner receives Christ and all His benefits by faith.
6. What must therefore be emphatically stated?
That without a divine bestowal a receiving by faith is impossible.
What is true faith?
A. True faith is
not only a certain knowledge, whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to
us in His word,(1) but also an assured confidence,(2) which the Holy Ghost(3) works by
the gospel in my heart,(4) that not only to others, but to me
also, remission of sin,(5) everlasting righteousness and
salvation(6) are freely given by God, merely of grace,
only for the sake of Christ's merits.(7)
John 6:69 And we believe and are sure that Thou art that
Christ, the Son of the living God.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they
might know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent.
Heb 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds
were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of
things which do appear.
Heb 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please
Him: for he that cometh to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them
that diligently seek Him.
(2) Eph 3:12 In
whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of Him.
(3) Rom 4:16
Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure
to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the
faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all.
Rom 4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God
through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;
Rom 4:21 And being fully persuaded that, what He
had promised, He was able also to perform.
Heb 11:1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped
for, the evidence of things not seen.
Eph 3:12 In whom we have boldness and access
with confidence by the faith of Him.
Rom 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ:
for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew
first, and also to the Greek.
1 Cor 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the
world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them
Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of
purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the
Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
Matt 16:17 And Jesus answered and
said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it
unto thee, but My Father which is in heaven.
John 3:5 Jesus answered,
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he
cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
(4) Rom 10:14
How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe
in Him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
Rom 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing
by the word of God.
Mat 9:2 And, behold,
they brought to Him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith
said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee.
(5) Rom 5:1
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
(6) Gal 2:20 I am
crucified with Christ: neverthless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the
life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me,
and gave Himself for me.
Rom 3:24 Being justified freely by His grace through the
redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Rom 3:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a
propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of
sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
Rom 3:26 To declare, I say, at this time His
righteousness: that He might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
1. How many kinds of faith are there?
Four: historical faith, temporary faith, miraculous faith, and true saving faith.
2. What is historical faith?
assent to a known truth.
3. Is that not a good faith?
is necessary, but not sufficient (James 2:19).
4. What is temporary faith?
to and profession of the truth for a time with some external satisfaction.
5. What is miraculous faith?
persuasion that a miracle will be performed either by us or on us.
6. In how many things does saving faith consist?
In three: knowledge, assent, and trust.
7. Who works that faith?
It is wrought
by the Holy Ghost by the means of the Word.
8. Is there doubt in saving faith?
saving faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen
9. Is there doubt in the believer?
Yes, because of the assaults of Satan, the accusations of the law, and carnal temptations,
faith is not always in exercise.
What is then necessary for a Christian to believe?
A. All things
promised us in the gospel,(1) which the articles
of our catholic undoubted Christian faith briefly teach us.
(1) John 20:31 But
these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and
that believing ye might have life through His name.
Matt 28:19 Go ye
therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the
Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Matt 28:20 Teaching them to
observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even
unto the end of the world. Amen.
1. What is necessary for a Christian to believe?
All things promised us in the gospel, which the articles of our catholic undoubted
Christian faith briefly teach us.
2. What is the chief context of the gospel?
Jesus Christ and Him crucified.
3. How are these articles called?
4. How and when did they originate?
the period after the time of the apostles by extension of the baptismal formula.
What are these articles?
- I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven
- And in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, our Lord;
- Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin
- Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead, and
buried; He descended into hell;
- The third day He rose again from the dead;
- He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand
of God the Father Almighty;
- From thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead;
- I believe in the Holy Ghost;
- I believe a holy catholic church: the communion of saints;
- The forgiveness of sins;
- The resurrection of the body;
- And the life everlasting. Amen.
8. Lord's Day
How are these articles divided?
A. Into three
parts; the first is of God the Father and our creation(1)
the second of God the Son, and our redemption;(2) the third
of God the Holy Ghost, and our sanctification.(3)
(1) Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the
Gen 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and
darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the
Gen 1:3 And God said, Let there be light, and there was
Gen 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good:
Gen 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness
He called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
Gen 1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the
midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
Gen1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters
which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was
Gen 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the
evening and the morning were the second day.
Gen 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven
be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
Gen 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the
gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass,
the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in
itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
Gen 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb
yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself,
after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:13 And the evening and the morning were
the third day.
Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the
firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and
for seasons, and for days, and years:
Gen 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of
the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater
light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars also.
Gen 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the
heaven to give light upon the earth,
Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night,
and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:19. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day
Gen 1:20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth
abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in
the open firmament of heaven.
Gen 1:21 And God created great whales, and every living
creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and
every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and
multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
Gen 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth
Gen 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the
living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth
after his kind: and it was so.
Gen 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth
after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth
after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image,
after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl
of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing
that creepeth upon the earth.
Gen 1:27 So God created man in His own image, in the
image of God created He him; male and female created He them.
Gen 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them,
Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it, and have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth
upon the earth.
Gen 1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every
herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the
which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.
Gen 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every
fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is
life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
Gen 1:31 And God saw every thing that He had made,
and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth
(2) 1 Pet 1:18 Forasmuch
as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from
your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers.
1 Pet 1:19 But with the precious blood of
Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
(3) 1 Pet 1:21 Who by
Him do believe in God, that raised Him up from the dead, and gave Him glory; that your
faith and hope might be in God.
1 Pet 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in
obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love
one another with a pure heart fervently.
1. What are the divisions in these articles?
First: God the Father and our creation.
Secondly: God the Son and our redemption.
Thirdly: God the Holy Ghost and our sanctification.
2. What is this division called?
trinitarian division, that is, according to the Holy Trinity.
3. Is the creation the exclusive work of the Father?
In the work of creation the Person of the Father was especially in the forefront;
however, this was not to the exclusion of the other Persons of the Trinity.
Since there is but one only divine essence,(1) why speakest
thou of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost?
A. Because God has so
revealed Himself in His word,(2) that these three
distinct persons are the one only true and eternal God
(1) Deut 6:4
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD.
(2) Gen 1:26 And
God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all
the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Isa 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is
upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He hath
sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening
of the prison to them that are bound.
John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and He shall
give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever;
John 14:17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world
cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He
dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear record in
heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of
the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Mat 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
2 Cor 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the
love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
1. What is God?
A perfect and
eternal Spirit (John 4:24).
2. Can the existence of God be demonstrated?
No, it far exceeds our understanding.
3. How do we know that there is a God?
From nature and from the Holy Scriptures.
4. How has God revealed Himself in His Word?
As one in Essence and as three in Persons.
5. May the word "Person" be used?
Yes, it signifies an independent existence; "The express image of His
Person" (Hebrews 1:3).
6. Wherein must God be known?
Essence, His Names, His attributes, and His Persons.
7. How is the Trinity proved from the Old Testament?
a. From texts in which God speaks of Himself in the plural, e.g., Genesis 12:6;
b. From texts in which God and God, and Lord and Lord, are distinguished, e.g.,
c. From texts in which the three Persons are distinctly mentioned, e.g., Psalm
8. How is it proved from the New Testament?
there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and
these three are one" (1 John 5:7); also Matthew 28:19, and at the baptism of Jesus,
9. Wherein are the three Persons distinguished?
In their personal attributes or manner of subsisting.
10. What is the personal attribute of the Father?
That He, as Father, is self-existent.
11. What is the personal attribute of the Son?
That He is begotten of the Father (Psalm 2:7).
12. What is the personal attribute of the Holy Ghost?
That He proceeds from the Father and from the Son.