The First Part - Of The Misery Of Man
2. Lord's Day
A. Out of the law of God.(1)
(1) Rom 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in His sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
2. What is the
meaning of the word misery and what does it involve?
3. From where
does the sinner learn his misery?
4. Of which law
is here spoken?
5. How does the
sinner learn to know his misery from the law of God?
A. Christ teaches us that briefly, Matt 22:37-40 "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first and the great commandment; and the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."(1)
(1) Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength,and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
2. What does it
mean to love God above all?
3. Who is our
4. How are we to
love our neighbor?
5. Why does
Christ mention the love to God as the first and the great commandment?
6. Why is the
love to the neighbor like unto it?
A. In no wise;(1) for I am prone by nature to hate God and my neighbour.(2)
3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one.
8:7 Because the
carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God,
neither indeed can be.
2. Why is it asked: Canst thou keep all these things perfectly? It is because the Lord requires not a half, but a complete obedience, both inwardly and outwardly.
3. What does
"by nature" signify?
4. What does this
answer say of every person?
5. Does every person give equal evidence of this is his life? No, for because of God's common goodness, man is restrained, so that it is still possible for people to live together.
6. What does this
answer then indicate?
3. Lord's Day
A. By no means; but God created man good,(1) and after His own image, in true righteousness and holiness,(2) that he might rightly know God his Creator, heartily love Him and live with Him in eternal happiness to glorify and praise Him.(3)
(1) Gen 1:31 And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
(2) Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in
our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of
the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the
earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
1:6 To the
praise of the glory of His grace, wherein He hath made us accepted in
2. Did God create
man so wicked and perverse?
3. What is meant when it says that man was created good? That he was without any flaw, capable to live to God's honor.
4. What is
included in being created in God's image?
5. In what does
that image consist?
6. What was the
purpose of man's being created in this way? In order that:
7. Which offices
did man have in the state of rectitude?
A. From the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, in Paradise;(1) hence our nature is become so corrupt, that we are all conceived and born in sin.(2)
(1) Gen 3:6
And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was
pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of
the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and
he did eat.
(2) Psa 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity;
and in sin did my mother conceive me.
2. What is the
3. In what did
this disobedience consist?
4. What was
included in the trial commandment?
5. For what purpose did God give this trial commandment? To try man whether he would willingly obey God.
6. Did man keep
7. What was that
8. What was the
consequence of this fall into sin?
9. What is the
evidence of this?
A. Indeed we are;(1) except we are regenerated by the Spirit of God.(2)
6:5 And GOD saw
that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination
of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee,
Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the
kingdom of God.
2. What does the
answer say regarding this?
3. What did man
lose by his deep fall?
4. What has man
still been able to keep?
5. What does our
Belgic Confession of Faith say of this?
6. What is
7. Does man still
have a free will to do the good?
8. What is
therefore necessary for each person?
9. In what does
this regeneration consist?
4. Lord's Day
A. Not at all;(1) for God made man capable of performing it;(2) but man, by the instigation of the devil,(3) and his own wilful disobedience, deprived himself and all his posterity of those divine gifts.(4)
(1) Eccl 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.
(2) John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil,
and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the
beginning, and abode not in the truth,because there is no truth in him. When
he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father
3:4 And the
serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die.
(4) Rom 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.
2. Is that then not
unjust that the Lord continues to require what man can no longer do?
3. What is then
the cause that the righteous requirement of God can no longer fulfilled?
4. Who is meant
relationship do we have with Adam?
6. What does it
mean that Adam is the head of the covenant for all of us?
7. What was
therefore the consequence of Adam's disobedience?
A. By no means; but is terribly displeased(1) with our original as well as actual sins; and will punish them in His just judgment temporally and eternally,(2) as He has declared, "Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things, which are written in the book of the law, to do them."(3)
(1) Ps 5:5 The foolish shall not stand in Thy sight: Thou hatest all workers of iniquity.
(2) Rom 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed
from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the
truth in unrighteousness.
(3) Deut 27:26 Cursed be he that confirmeth not
all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
2. What does God
do against this disobedience?
3. What does it
mean that the Lord is terribly displeased about sins?
4. What is
5. What are
6. How does the
Lord punish sins?
7. Is that
according to God's Word?
A. God is indeed merciful,(1) but also just; therefore His justice requires,(2) that sin which is committed against the most high majesty of God, be also punished with extreme,(3) that is, with everlasting punishment of body and soul.(4)
(1) Exod 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.
20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for
I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the
fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that
(3) Psa 5:5 The foolish shall not stand in Thy
sight: Thou hatest all workers of iniquity.
(4) Gen 2:17 But of the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that
thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
2. Cannot God
relinquish His justice?
3. What does
God's justice require?
4. Why must sin
be punished with extreme punishment?
5. What is then
the punishment upon sin?
6. How many kinds
of death are there, and in what does each consist?
7. Why is it said, "everlasting punishment of body and soul"? It is because both body and soul have sinned.